Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Management (WEEE) consists of:
- collecting and taking back WEEE from end users, distributors and local providers of public services in the area of municipal waste management
- WEEE treatment: dismantling and separation of component parts - preparation for further treatment
- WEEE recovery is intended for the advantageous use and appropriateness of disposal.The objective of recovery is as follows:
- waste recycling for processing into raw material and reuse
- the use of waste as fuel
- Removal of remains generated in the WEEE recovery process
Pursuant to the WEEE Directive and the Rules on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Management, certain recovery levels are required.
The Member States should provide for the attainment of two basic objectives by the end of the year 2006:
- a rate of separate collection of at least four kilograms on average per inhabitant per year of WEEE from private households
- the achievement of the required levels of recovery, reuse and recycling of the components for WEEE separately collected by the liable parties
Liable parties (producers, acquirers and importers) can fulfil their obligations individually, but the practices and the trends show that the most reasonable solution for them is voluntary integration into the so-called collective systems. There are some voluntary collective systems for WEEE management already operating in Europe.