Ravnanje z odpadki

Waste management

V družbi ZEOS skrbimo za pravilno ločevanje odpadkov naslednjih vrst:

  • waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) or e-waste,
  • waste portable batteries and accumulators (WPBA),
  • waste industrial batteries and accumulators (WIBA),
  • waste grave candles (WGC).

This waste is a special type of waste and must be collected separately and disposed of at appropriate collection points.

Our waste separation includes:

  • collection and shipping of waste from end users, distributers and local public utility services for municipal waste management,
  • treatment, decomposition and separation of waste components - preparation for further handling,
  • recovery of waste for its adequate use and appropriate disposal,
  • disposal of waste treatment residues,
  • raising awareness of the importance of separating this type of waste (and others) - through various own and other channels and activities

E-waste groups

Due to its diverse composition, waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE or e-waste) is collected separately in several collection processing groups, which enables proper further processing.

Mali aparati

Small appliances 

All dimensions less than 50 cm: Vacuum cleaners, vacuum cleaners-brooms, sewing machines, lamps, microwave ovens, ventilation equipment, irons, toasters, electric knives, kettles, clocks and watches, electric shavers, scales, hair care devices and bodies, calculators, radios, video cameras, video recorders, music towers, musical instruments, sound or image reproducing equipment, electric and electronic toys, sports equipment, computers for cycling, diving, running, rowing, etc., smoke detectors, regulators heating, thermostats, small electric and electronic tools, small medical devices, small monitoring and control instruments, small devices that automatically issue products, small equipment with built-in photovoltaic panels.
Veliki aparati

Large appliances

Any dimension greater than 50 cm: washing machines, clothes dryers, dishwashers, cookers, electric stoves, electric burners, lamps, sound or image reproduction equipment, music equipment (except organ in churches), knitting and weaving appliances, large computers, large printing machines, copying equipment, large coin-operated slot machines, large medical devices, large monitoring and control instruments, large devices that automatically issue products and money, photovoltaic panels.
Hladilno zamrzovalni aparati

Refrigerators and freezers

Refrigerators, freezers, automatic dispensers, air conditioning equipment, dehumidification equipment, heat pumps, oil radiators and other heat exchange equipment using liquids other than water. Televisions and monitors.
Televizorji in monitorji

Televisions and monitors

Screens, televisions, LCD photo frames, monitors, laptops, notebooks.
IT oprema

IT equipment

Mobile phones, GPS, pocket calculators, routers, PCs, printers, phones


Linear fluorescent lamps, non-linear fluorescent lamps, compact fluorescent lamps - non-integrated, compact fluorescent lamps - integrated, high intensity lamps - high pressure (> 1 bar), LED lamps
Posebna vrsta odpadka

Not household waste symbol

The sign must be located on any e-equipment, lamp or battery or. their packaging. This means that such a product must be disposed of separately in the right place after use, as it is a special type of waste.
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Useful information about e-waste 


What is e-waste?

Electronic equipment needs an electric current or an electromagnetic field to function properly. When it breaks down, it becomes e-waste.


Appliances than and now

In 1890, households started using the first electrical devices.

Only in the 20s of the last century did the appliances become really popular (people could buy them on credit, and the government invested a lot of money in rural electrification).


Advantages and disadvantages of appliances today

+ appliances are getting lighter / we use less and less materials to make appliances / appliances today use less energy / the performance of appliances is better today (e.g. larger memory space on the computer,...) / appliances are cheaper today
- devices today are of lower quality / devices today have a shorter lifespan / devices are more difficult to repair today


Composition of appliances

Appliances consist of various elements and composites: metals, plastics, ceramics, critical raw materials, permanent magnets, etc.. Complex appliances contain 50-60 elements.

More about that


E-waste is one of the fastest growing types of waste in the world

Therefore, it is correct that the management of this type of waste is solved systematically and that the goals for the collection and treatment of this waste are determined at the EU level.


Količine e-odpadkov po svetu

The United Nations estimates that 24.5 million tons of small e-waste will be produced in the world in 2022 alone. This is four times the weight of the Great Pyramids of Giza.


Quantities of e-waste by continent (and percentage collected separately)

Asia: 18.2 million tons annually (4.2 kg/inhabitant) => 15% collected separately
Europe: 12.3 million tons annually (16.6 kg/inhabitant) => 35% collected separately
America: 11.3 million tons annually (11.6 kg/inhabitant)) => 17% collected separately
Africa: 2.0 million tons annually (0.9 kg/inhabitant)) => 0% collected separately
Oceania: 0.7 million. tons annually (17.3 kg/inhabitant)) => 6% collected separately


E-waste in Europe

In Europe, 1.4 kg of e-waste per inhabitant ends up as mixed waste every year. In addition, small devices that are not used every day are easily stored in closets, garages, basements and attics and quickly become forgotten.

As a result, the average European household accumulates 5 kg of e-devices per person.


Collected e-waste in Slovenia

  • 35% is officially reported as collected/processed through common schemes
  • 34% are not registered*
  • 23% are processed together with metal waste inconsistently with standards (mainly white goods)
  • 8% ends up in a container for mixed municipal waste*

    *53% is processed within the EU (56% processed inconsistently with processing standards and 44% removed or stolen parts) / 47% is processed outside the EU (13% is recorded as exported used electronic equipment, 60% is not recorded, although e-equipment (among them, 70% of the equipment is functional) and 27% is not recorded as e-equipment, but as waste) 


You can find more about the legislation governing this area here.

Legislation about e-waste

 Waste lamp groups

Waste lamps are one of the collective processing groups of e-waste (see the first tab), but because we know so many types of lamps, it is right to give them a little more space.

Linearne flourescentne sijalke

Linear flourescent lamps

Nelinearne flourescentne sijalke

Nonlinear flourescent lamps

Kompaktne fluorescentne sijalke - neintegrirane

Compact fluorescent lamps - non-integrated

Kompaktne fluorescentne sijalke – integrirane

Compact fluorescent lamps - integrated

Velikointenzivnostne sijalke - visokotlačne

High intensity lamps - high pressure (> 1 bar)

Led sijalke

Led lights

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Useful information on lamps


This is a lamp

Light is emitted by:
-by discharging mercury atoms, which are stimulated by an electric current to emit ultraviolet light, it is converted into visible light on the fluorescent coating that coats the inside of the tube (fluorescent lamps, containing mercury)
-with semiconductors (LED lamps, mercury-free)

Proper waste management is required.it must be collected separately and recycled.


This is a light bulb

It emits light by glowing a thread. There are very few such light bulbs still in use today.

No special handling is required, it does not need to be collected separately, it is disposed of as mixed waste.


Lamps are environmentally friendly products (due to low energy consumption)

But only if, after use, they are collected separately and sent for recycling.


My light bulb broke. What now?

- do not use vacuum cleaner!

- open all windows and leave the room for at least half an hour

- clean up the debris with cardboard and wipe the floor with a damp cloth

- Store debris, cardboard and cloth in a glass or other jar closed with a lid

- affix it with the note "beware, it may contain mercury residues" and dispose of it in a hazardous waste collection point to ensure proper waste management



Find out more about the legislation governing this area here

Lighting legislation

Types of waste portable batteries and acculmulators



AAA baterija


Toys, remotes, cameras, calculators, flashlights, wall clocks, etc.
DC baterija


Flashlight, radio, toys, wall clocks, etc.
9V baterija


Medical devices, alarm, radio, larger toys, etc.
Gumbna baterija

Various labels (button batteries)

Watches, calculators, medical devices, personal techniques, etc.
Akumulatorska baterija

Various designations ("batteries")

Laptops, mobile phones, etc.

Waste industrial batteries and accmulators


Industrijska baterija

Industrial baterries and accumulators

They are intended exclusively for industrial or professional use or are used in all types of electric vehicles.
ravnanje z OEEO

Useful information on batteries


Portable battery or accumulator

A device, that converts chemical energy into electrical consists of:

  • one or more cells, where recharging is not possible (primary cells, also called batteries and represent about 75% of all portable batteries): e.g. alkaline batteries etc.
  • one or more cells, where ponovna recharging is possible (secundary cells, also called accumulators or rechargeable batteries that represent about 25% of all portable batteries): e.g. Li-Ion, Li-Polimer, NiMH, NiCd, NiZn, AgZn, Zn-Carbon and other batteries


Proper handling

Do not store them in the heat, keep new batteries in their original packaging and never mix them with other objects to avoid sparks or fire.
Turn off the battery-powered device and remove the batteries from the device that has not been used for a long time.

Znak za nevarnost

Dangerous substances

Batteries contain heavy metals (electrodes) and other dangerous substances or compounds (electrolites), which, if improperly handled, may cause adverse effects on human health and the environment.

Some electrodes: cadmium, mercury, lead, chromium, silver, znic, litium, nickel, manganese, copper, etc.


Some electrolites: ammonium chloride, zinc chloride, potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, organometallic compounds, sulfuric acid, etc.


Find out more about the legislation governing this area here

Legislation on batteries and accumulators

Waste grave candles


Waste candles

Electronic grave candles, paraffin grave candles
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Uporabne informacije o svečah



In Slovenia sandles have been lit on graves since the end of the 19th century. Nowadays, we are seeing an increase in electronic funeral candles.


Collected quantities

Waste grave candles represent 0.2% of all collected municipal waste in Slovenia, and each citizen generates about 1 kg per year.



They contain chlorine and cannot be used for energy, so their collection and processing is essential.



Find out more about the legislation governing this area here 

Candle legislation

Waste treatment procedures

Hladilno zamrzovalni aparati

Refrigerators and freezers

Component removal and treatment.

Extraction of secondary raw materials for their reuse in production: shelves, drawers, external electrical cables.

Storage and destruction: condensers, compressors, refrigerant gases, housing containing gases.

Video 1

Video 2
Televizorji in monitorji

Televizorji and monitors

Component removal and treatment.

Acquisition of secondary raw materials for their reuse in production: external electrical cables, plastic or wooden housing, printed circuit boards, electronic cannons.

Appropriate process for separating lead and barium glass: cathode ray tubes.

Video 1

Video 2 

Mali in veliki aparati

Small and Large aplliances

Component removal and appropriate treatment: capacitors, batteries, accumulators, printed circuit boards, lamps, toner cartridges, components containing radioactive substances (e.g. smoke detectors).

Extraction of secondary raw materials for their reuse in production.



Crushing and appropriate treatment: glass, fluorescent powder, mercury, iron, aluminum, plastic and light bulb electronic circuits. Extraction of secondary raw materials for the production of new lamps.



Crushing, electrolyte neutralization, dissolution of metals and oxides, removal of metals from solution and appropriate treatment. Acquisition of secondary raw materials for the manufacture of new products.
ravnanje z OEEO